European Year for Development
What is the EYD about?
What is the EYD?
From 1983 the EU chooses a topic every year, what is presented during the whole year, and popularize it to the citizens, like a thematic year. In 2015 the EU chose a topic first, what is not concentrated on the politics and affairs inside the EU’s territory, but focuses on the foreign affairs. This year is called the European Year for Development (EYD). The emphasis is on the EU’s and the member states’ international development cooperation and humanitarian relief.
The official motto of the year is:
“Our world, our dignity, our future”
The concept was born in 2011, and in the background there were lots of strong European civil initiatives working with the EU Parliament and European Economic and Social Committee, who have tried to devise and pass it.
Why this issue is important?
- EU is the largest development donor, so it helps a lot to developed and poor countries in all over the world especially in Africa, Asia, Latin-America and in Europe’s poorer countries
- EU significantly participate in alleviate global problems, for example poverty, the effects of climate change, and improve the basic life conditions in poorer countries
- it is important, that every citizen should know about these cooperationa, and understand that it is everybody’s interest to deal with these issues, because these problems do not stop at borders
Why the 2015 year is especially important?
- the Millennium Development Goals will expire in this year
- the main goal is that until 2015, the new Sustainable Development Goals will be defined, what will change the Millennium Development Goals and give more effective answers to handle these questions
- these goals will determine global development cooperation for the next 15 years, so the pot is really high
What is the goal of this thematic year at the level of EU and member state?
- the citizens of EU should get familiar with the EU’s and its member state’s achievements related in development
- the development issue should be well-known, it has to be in public thinking
- people should know about global problems and how these affect them
- with this knowledge it needs to motivate the people for greater responsibility pledge and to intensify the solidarity
- motivate critical thinking and dialogue
What do the EU and member states do to reach these goals?
- they organise events and programs, where they can share the knowledge
- they draw attention for the most important issues with campaigns
- they create platforms to include people and the young generation (voluntary work, competition, application)
Who are the target audience of this year?
- primarily the youth
- decision-makers, experts
- civil organisations
- educational organisations
- the stakeholders of the business sphere
This year is especially important for the EU13 and Hungary too, because they want to familiarize the citizens and the economic sphere with development cooperation. This is also a good opportunity to harmonize their national politics in lots of the fields for example: education, migration, trade policy etc. In the course of 2015 there are lot of public events, programs, exhibitions and workshops, focusing on youth.
Beyond intelligence sharing there is a claim to reach the decision-makers to create a closer relationship. In Hungary there are numerous civil organisations contributing to the year addressing the most important values and problems related development.